Trans-Pacific Partnership Negotiations And Agreement
Category : Uncategorized
In June 2015, U.S. Senator Rand Paul, Republican from Kentucky, rejected the law to expedite the ratification of the TPP by Congress on the basis of the secrecy of the trade agreement.  Emily J. Blanchard argues that while the TPP has been severely criticized by the political left, progressives should support the TPP: “The TPP`s promise to create a new progressive regulatory framework – an agreement on child labour and discrimination in the workplace, measures to punish illegal logging and trade in protected species , as well as protection against consumer fraud – would be an essential step on the global agenda.  Promoting environmental and environmental protection efforts throughout the Asia-Pacific region is one of the top U.S. priorities for TPP, both as an essential value and as a key to improving competitive conditions for U.S. workers and businesses. In the TPP, we aspire to strict and applicable rules for the protection of the environment and we call for the application of national environmental legislation; early conservation proposals to address some of the region`s most pressing environmental challenges, such as wildlife trade, illegal logging and overfishing; The first agreement to reduce fisheries subsidies; And rules that guarantee transparency and public participation. In February 2012, a call for cooperation between the WTO and economic partnership agreements (also known as regional trade agreements) was launched, as was the TPP, after Pierre Lellouche described the mindset of the Doha Round of Negotiations; “Although no one wants to say it, we have to call a spade a spade (failure is a failure)… ».  Brunei, Chile, Singapore and New Zealand are parties to the Trans-Pacific Strategic Economic Partnership Agreement (TPSEP), signed in 2005 and entered into force in 2006. The original TPSEP agreement contains a membership clause and reaffirms “the obligation for members to promote the accession of other economies to this agreement.”   This is a comprehensive agreement that affects trade in goods, rules of origin, trade policy remedies, health and plant health measures, technical barriers to trade, trade in services, intellectual property, public procurement and competition policy. In particular, it called for a 90% reduction in all tariffs between Member States by 1 January 2006 and a reduction of all trade duties to zero by 2015.
 The TPP – and the CPTPP – were explicitly written for expansion. In the initial negotiations, South Korea, for example, was considered a likely future member. More recently, Thailand and Colombia have expressed interest in membership. Taiwan did, but its adherence to an agreement, which was conceived as a mechanism of confrontation with China, could highlight Beijing`s resistance. New Zealand ratified the TPP on 11 May 2017.  Prime Minister Jacinda Ardern will attempt to renegotiate the Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP) agreement in Vietnam in time, so that the government can prohibit foreign speculators from buying existing New Zealand homes.